Common cold (Acute Coryza) is that condition when the nasal mucous membrane is infected. It commences with the inflammation of the mucous membrane and the pharynx, swelling of the sinus cavities and their entrances, accumulation of mucous crusts in the nose, clogging of air passages, sneezing, nasal catarrh, slight fever or uneasiness.
Interestingly, irrespective of whether one takes any anti-cold medication or not, the ailment runs its course of a week or so. Therefore, prevention is always better than cure. You can take the following precautions to ward off cold.
Avoid drugs. Medications can never be long-term solution for cold. They do not treat the condition and only temporarily soothe the symptoms.
Always deal with cold at the initial stage. You can keep the body well insulated from draughts or cold winds. But don’t wear too many clothes.
Immediately after the first symptoms appear, seek rest in bed and have sound sleep. Partial fasting for a day or two will also help. You can also go on a liquid diet.
Practise nasal wash (Jala Neti) when you feel that cold may be affecting you. During the day you can practice Jala Neti several times.
Steam inhalation in acute instances loosens the mucus in the air passages. It also relieves blocked nose and sore throat.
Go for gargling with lukewarm water having a pinch of salt. It offers relief from sore throat.
Similarly before going to bed at night wash your feet with lukewarm water having a small pinch of salt. This practise helps cure cold fast.
Regularly practise Bahstika and Kapala Bhati. They clear the congested sinuses and nasal passages. They will also eradicate the susceptibility to catarrh and cold.
Yogic breathing exercises give you resistance to viral infection.
Regularly practise Chakrasana, Dhanurasana, Matsyasana, Shalabhasana, Bhujangasana, Sarvangasana and Sirshasana.
However, don’t practise these asanas if you are runnig temperature and/ or a running nose.
Don’t get exposed to excessive heat or cold. Avoid getting drenched in rain. If the cold attack is acute, avoid a head bath.
Don’t inhale air contaminated or polluted with fumes, dust or chemicals.